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African Watering Hole

It’s not really Kenya, but it is the next best thing. Imagine that you are transported to a watering hole near Mount Kenya National Park in Kenya, Africa.
All of the animals you see here come to watering holes during the dry season. They would not all share the watering hole at the same time. Instead, some animals would come during the day, others at night, and none of them would stick around while a lioness ate her prey!

Delaware Stream

The edges of rivers and streams are sanctuaries for animals living in highly populated areas. Rivers offer drinking water, a wide variety of foods, natural cover and an easy escape route from predators. It’s no wonder they are home to an impressive number of mammals, reptiles, amphibians, birds, fish, and insects. The river habitat is always fluctuating—low in the fall, roaring with melted snows in the spring, a quiet bywater or a major aquatic highway. Rivers and streams are often a carrier of industrial and agricultural pollution, which makes its way into the water as runoff after heavy rains.

Otter (Lutra conodensis)

Mink (Mustela vison)

Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata)

South American Rainforest

What is a tropical rainforest? The tops of the trees in a rainforest touch each other, creating a cool, dark forest interior. Rainfall and temperature is high all year round. Tropical rainforests circles the Earth’s equator like a belt. The world’s biggest rainforest is the Amazon region of Brazil, in South America.
Tropical rainforests are home to more than 50% of the plant and animal species on Earth. Many of the plants of the rainforest have important medicinal properties, and more plants discovered all the time.

Jaguar (Felix onca)

Adapting to Changing Environments

Why are most animals brown or gray, black or white? It’s all about survival. A hawk flying over a marsh might miss a dark brown muskrat. But a bright white muskrat would stand out against the background. The hawk would spot it from far off, swoop down, and before the muskrat was old enough to reproduce it would become hawk food. Most animals have evolved colors and habits that keep them as safe as possible from predators, but now and then, an unusually-colored animal is born. 

Muskrat (Ondatra zibethica)

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Opossum (Didelphis virginiana)

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Gray Squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis)

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Whitetailed Jackrabbit (Lepus townsendii)

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Ermine (Mustela erminea)

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Antarctic Desert

Antarctica is the highest, driest, and coldest continent. The temperature ranges from -21 degrees C (-6 degrees F) in the summer to -78 degrees C (-108 degrees F) in the winter. The land receives less than 20 cm (8 in) of snow per year, which is equivalent to 8 cm (3 in) of water. That’s the same amount of water that falls on the Sahara desert. 

Conditions in Antarctica are brutal, and the animals that live there, including penguins, fish, and seals, are well-adapted to the continent’s environmental extremes. Unlike the Arctic, which is inhabited by human beings, Antarctica is uninhabited by humans except for scientists living at international research bases.

King Penguin (Aptenodytes patagonica)

The second-largest of all penguins (Emperor Penguins are larger), King Penguins live in Antarctica and on islands near the south pole. They stand a little under 1 m (3 ft) tall, and weigh about 15 kg (33 lb). King Penguins eat seafood collected by diving 20 m &70 ft) or more into the freezing ocean water. In winter, when ice covers much of the water, they can swim underwater for 40 minutes or more to find food.